Man-made creations in different civilizations -established from the past to the present- have the characteristic of symbolic language. Symbols are used by societies as a language of visual communication. The formal symbols used for communication have created new expression languages in the process of influencing the art by the means of interrelationship of form and content. These requirements have made the shape of the symbols minimal, understandable and easy to remember. Symbols created in the historical process have carried themselves to multi-layered and rich narrativistic areas by being included in other creations. By either concealing themselves or operating openly, symbols enabled transformation and the emergence of new perspectives of meaning. Art and symbols, which can count as a language of meaning, have been evaluated in the method of form-content unity. This interaction allows the created works to be distinguished from other objects as works of art. As we can observe, in works of art, they are effective in the formation of content as well as the effect on the form. New works of art have been created by using the symbols in the process of form analysis in sculpture. These creations also provide temporal communication tools as the symbols carry them over from the past. The use of symbols in this aspect in contemporary sculpture art is an effective factor in creating new forms by providing depth of meaning to the works. Like all the art and artists from all over the World, Turkish artists were also influenced by symbols and from time to time they used these forms in their works. Today, there are many sculptors who are influenced by symbols and express their feelings towards objective reality through the forms they create. In this article, the symbolic forms of some Turkish sculpture artists will be evaluated with theoretical integrity through plastic analysis and theoretical evaluations, examined from their own sculptures.
Keywords: Form, content, symbol, art, modern sculpture