Romanticism is the name of a freedom war against Westernism and the strict rule of the Academy. The artist, with the broad rights and freedoms promised by the French Revolution, remained in the rhetoric, reacted with great boldness and loud voice. This reaction was against all the solid and ingrained traditions that embraced the bourgeois and the past. The artist has taken on a mission that frees his art from this understanding against prejudices. Romanticism was the understanding of the artist's personal self, the discovery of his inner world, as well as a new tradition of art. Romantic art is considered to be critical, questioning and dreamer. It emerges as a natural product of the artist's view of nature and society. While some of the romantic artists take their reaction as retiring into themselves, others console themselves by exploring the supernatural serenity of nature, which is melancholic, diseased, sometimes capricious. The greatest contribution of romance is that it has broken down the rules of art, which have settled for centuries, bringing a new feeling, reaction, individuality. The most important characteristic is that the first step of the Modern Art movements is formed and the origin of the most crazy art concepts.
Keywords: Romanticism, Art, Modernism